Appreciation & Income Fund

Class - N

OVERVIEW

Fund Objective


The investment objective of the Fund is to maximize total return under varying market conditions through both current income and capital appreciation.

Sub-Advisor Background


PENN Capital Management (PENN) is an independent, 100% employee owned investment management firm founded in 1987 by Richard A. Hocker, Chief Investment Officer. The firm consists of 50 employees, including a ten member investment team. PENN self-limits the total assets in each strategy to preserve the potential performance advantage of their investment process.

Tickers & Cusips


Ticker DNAIX
Cusip 265458885
Share Class N-Shares
Fund Code 104

Fund Information


Dividend Frequency Monthly
Capital Gains Paid December*
Fund Inception 12/10/2004
FISCAL Year-End October
* If applicable

Risk Tolerance Spectrum


LOWER RISKHIGHER RISK

Minimum Investments


There is no minimum initial investment on a per Fund basis for Class N shares. However, the minimum initial investment in Class N shares of the Dunham Funds, on an aggregate basis, is $100,000 for taxable accounts and $50,000 for tax-deferred accounts ("MIN"). The MIN can be waived if the investor has, in the opinion of the Adviser, adequate intent and availability of assets to reach a future level of investment among the Funds that is equal to or greater than the MIN. The MIN can also be waived by the Adviser for shareholders investing through a wrap program or similar arrangement. There is no minimum subsequent investment amount for Class N shares. If a Class N shareholder's investment in the Dunham Funds falls below the MIN for reasons other than depreciation of the investment, the investor may receive a notice from the Adviser and will be given a reasonable amount of time to cure the deficiency. If the deficiency is not cured within such time, the Adviser reserves the right to convert the account to Class A shares (on a load waived basis) or take other appropriate measures.

PRICE/PERFORMANCE

Price & YTD Total Return (12/12/2018)


Net Asset Value (NAV): NAV Change: NAV Percentage Change:
$9.14 $0.01 0.11 %
Net Asset Value (NAV): $9.14
NAV Change: $0.01
NAV Percentage Change: 0.11 %
YTD Return at NAV:
5.57 %
YTD Return at NAV: 5.57 %

Performance Inception Date (As of 12/10/2004)


Most recent
month-end (as of 11/30/2018)
1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yrs Since
Inception
Fund Performance 5.76 % 5.68 % 4.27 % 9.79 % 5.51 %
Average Annual
Total Return (as of 9/30/2018)
1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yrs Since
Inception
Fund Performance 11.64 % 6.61 % 5.34 % 7.28 % 5.64 %
Most recent
month-end (as of 11/30/2018)
Fund
Performance
1 Yr 5.76 %
3 Yr 5.68 %
5 Yr 4.27 %
10 Yrs 9.79 %
Since Inception 5.51 %
Average Annual Total Return
(as of 9/30/2018)
Fund
Performance
1 Yr 11.64 %
3 Yr 6.61 %
5 Yr 5.34 %
10 Yrs 7.28 %
Since Inception 5.64 %
Per prospectus dated 6/30/2018
Expense Ratio: 1.85 %
Per prospectus dated 6/30/2018
Expense Ratio:
1.85 %
As of 11/30/2018
Annualized 30 Day SEC Yield at NAV: 3.80 %
As of 11/30/2018
Annualized 30 Day SEC Yield at NAV:
3.80 %

Prices and returns quoted represent past results and are no guarantee of future results. Current performance may be higher or lower than the performance shown. Investment return and principal value will fluctuate, so your shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost.

Distribution


Date $/Share Type
11/30/2018 $0.01 Dividend
10/31/2018 $0.01 Dividend
9/28/2018 $0.01 Dividend
8/31/2018 $0.01 Dividend
7/31/2018 $0.01 Dividend
12/27/2017 $0.18 Dividend
12/28/2016 $0.25 Dividend
12/29/2015 $0.18 Short-Term Capital Gain
12/29/2015 $0.00 Long-Term Capital Gain
12/29/2015 $0.36 Dividend
12/29/2014 $0.18 Short-Term Capital Gain
12/29/2014 $1.54 Long-Term Capital Gain
12/29/2014 $0.17 Dividend
12/27/2013 $0.15 Dividend
12/27/2012 $0.25 Dividend
12/28/2011 $0.11 Dividend
12/28/2010 $0.24 Dividend
12/29/2009 $0.12 Dividend
12/29/2008 $0.08 Dividend
12/27/2007 $0.85 Long-Term Capital Gain
12/27/2007 $0.09 Dividend

Year-End Distribution


Mutual funds typically distribute taxable capital gains to shareholders each December. Click below to view the year-end distribution factors (per share) for the Dunham Funds.

HOLDINGS

Top 10 Holdings (As of 10/31/2018)


Security % of Net Assets
Treasury Bill 0.00% 11/18 14.85 %
U.S. Treasury Bill 0.00% 11/18 14.68 %
Treasury Bill 0.00% 11/18 7.42 %
Barclays PLC 8.25% 3/66 5.00 %
American Media Inc 5.50% 9/21 3.27 %
C&W Senior Financing DAC 7.50% 10/26 3.09 %
Enterprise Develop Authority 12.00% 7/24 2.45 %
Republic Of Argentina 6.25% 4/19 2.24 %
United Ins Holdings Corp 6.25% 12/27 2.23 %
Sprint Spectrum Co LLC / Sprint Spectrum Co II 4.74% 3/25 2.18 %

Fund Sector Allocation (As of 10/31/2018)


Treasury Bonds (25.28%)
Corporate Bonds (18.6%)
Foreign Bonds (17.42%)
T-Bills (14.68%)
Cash (13.52%)
Energy (5.44%)
Materials (2.04%)
Information Technology (1.97%)
Consumer Staples (0.84%)
Telecommunication Services (0.14%)
Currency Contracts (0.06%)
Credit Default Swaps (0.01%)

Investors should consider the investment objectives, risk factors, charges, and expenses of the Dunham Funds carefully before investing. This and other important information is contained in the Dunham Funds’ summary prospectus and/or prospectus, which may be obtained by contacting your financial advisor, or by calling toll free (800) 442‐4358. Please read prospectus materials carefully before investing or sending money. Investing involves risk, including possible loss of principal.

Dunham Funds are distributed by Dunham & Associates Investment Counsel, Inc., a Registered Investment Adviser and Broker/Dealer. Member FINRA / SIPC.

Returns for Class A Shares include the maximum sales charge (5.75% for equity funds and 4.50% for fixed income funds). Net Asset Value (NAV) returns exclude these charges, which would have reduced returns.

Average annual total return is the annual compound return for the indicated period. It reflects the change in share price and the reinvestment of all dividends and capital gains. Returns for periods of less than one year are cumulative total returns.

Call or Redemption Risk - As interest rates decline, issuers of high-yield bonds may exercise redemption or call provisions. This may force the Fund to redeem higher yielding securities and replace them with lower yielding securities with a similar risk profile. This could result in a decreased return.

Changing Fixed Income Market Conditions Risk - During periods of sustained rising rates, fixed income risks will be amplified. If the U.S. Federal Reserve’s Federal Open Market Committee (“FOMC”) raises the federal funds interest rate target, interest rates across the U.S. financial system may rise. However, the magnitude of rate changes across maturities and borrower sectors is uncertain. Rising rates tend to decrease liquidity, increase trading costs, and increase volatility, all of which make portfolio management more difficult and costly to the Fund and its shareholders. Additionally, default risk increases when issuers borrow at higher rates. Prolonged declines in the Fund’s share price may lead to increased redemption requests by shareholders. To meet redemption requests, the Fund may have to sell securities in times of overall market turmoil, lower liquidity and declining prices. Generally, each of these changing market conditions risks may cause the Fund’s share price to fluctuate or decline more than other types of investments.

Corporate Loans Risk - Commercial banks and other financial institutions or institutional investors make corporate loans to companies that need capital to grow or restructure. Borrowers generally pay interest on corporate loans at rates that change in response to changes in market interest rates such as the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) or the prime rates of U.S. banks. As a result, the value of corporate loan investments is generally less exposed to the adverse effects of shifts in market interest rates than investments that pay a fixed rate of interest. The market for corporate loans may be subject to irregular trading activity and wide bid/ask spreads. In addition, transactions in corporate loans may settle on a delayed basis. As a result, the proceeds from the sale of corporate loans may not be readily available to make additional investments or to meet the Fund’s redemption obligations.

Credit Risk - Issuers of fixed-income securities may default on interest and principal payments due to the Fund. Generally, securities with lower debt ratings have speculative characteristics and have greater risk the issuer will default on its obligation. Fixed-income securities rated in the fourth classification by Moody’s (Baa) and S&P (BBB) may have some speculative characteristics and changes in economic conditions or other circumstances are more likely to lead to a weakened capacity of those issuers to make principal or interest payments, as compared to issuers of more highly rated securities. High-yield fixed-income securities (also known as “junk bonds”) are considered speculative with respect to the issuer’s capacity to pay interest and repay principal in accordance with the terms of the obligations. This means that, compared to issuers of higher rated securities, issuers of medium and lower rated securities are less likely to have the capacity to pay interest and repay principal when due in the event of adverse business, financial or economic conditions and/or may be in default or not current in the payment of interest or principal. The market values of medium- and lower-rated securities tend to be more sensitive to company-specific developments and changes in economic conditions than higher-rated securities. The companies that issue these securities often are highly leveraged, and their ability to service their debt obligations during an economic downturn or periods of rising interest rates may be impaired. In addition, these companies may not have access to more traditional methods of financing, and may be unable to repay debt at maturity by refinancing. The risk of loss due to default in payment of interest or principal by these issuers is significantly greater than with higher-rated securities because medium- and lower-rated securities generally are unsecured and subordinated to senior debt. Default, or the market’s perception that an issuer is likely to default, could reduce the value and liquidity of securities held by the Fund, thereby reducing the value of your investment in Fund shares. In addition, default may cause the Fund to incur expenses in seeking recovery of principal or interest on its portfolio holdings.

Derivatives Risk - Derivatives are used to limit risk in the Fund or to enhance investment return and have a return tied to a formula based upon an interest rate, index, price of a security, currency exchange rate or other measurement. Derivatives involve special risks, including: (1) the risk that interest rates, securities prices and currency markets will not move in the direction that a portfolio manager anticipates; (2) imperfect correlation between the price of derivative instruments and movements in the prices of the securities, interest rates or currencies being hedged; (3) the fact that skills needed to use these strategies are different than those needed to select portfolio securities; (4) the possible absence of a liquid secondary market for any particular instrument and possible exchange imposed price fluctuation limits, either of which may make it difficult or impossible to close out a position when desired; (5) the risk that adverse price movements in an instrument can result in a loss substantially greater than the Fund's initial investment in that instrument (in some cases, the potential loss is unlimited); (6) particularly in the case of privately-negotiated instruments, the risk that the counterparty will not perform its obligations, or that penalties could be incurred for positions held less than the required minimum holding period; and (7) the inability to close out certain hedged positions to avoid adverse tax consequences. In addition, the use of derivatives for non-hedging purposes (that is, to seek to increase total return) is considered a speculative practice and may present an even greater risk of loss than when used for hedging purposes. Swap agreements are two-party contracts entered into for periods ranging from a few weeks to more than one year. In a standard “swap” transaction, two parties agree to exchange the returns (or differentials in rates of return) earned or realized on particular predetermined investments or instruments, which can be adjusted for an interest factor. Swap agreements involve the risk that the party with whom the Fund has entered into the swap will default on its obligation to pay the Fund and the risk that the Fund will not be able to meet its obligations to pay the other party to the agreement. When a Sub-Adviser uses margin, leverage, short sales or financial derivatives, such as options, futures and forward contracts, an investment in the Fund may be more volatile than investments in other mutual funds. Derivatives may also be embedded in securities such convertibles which typically include a call option on the issuer's common stock. Although the intention is to use such derivatives to minimize risk to the Fund, as well as for speculative purposes, there is the possibility that derivative strategies will not be used or that ineffective implementation of derivative strategies or unusual market conditions could result in significant losses to the Fund. Over the counter derivatives, such as swaps, are also subject to counterparty risk, which is the risk that the other party in the transaction will not fulfill its contractual obligation.

Emerging Markets Risk - In addition to the risks generally associated with investing in foreign securities, countries with emerging markets also may have relatively unstable governments, social and legal systems that do not protect shareholders, economies based on only a few industries, and securities markets that trade a small number of issues.

Event Risk - Event risk is the risk that corporate issuers may undergo restructurings, such as mergers, leveraged buyouts, takeovers, or similar events financed by increased debt. As a result of the added debt, the credit quality and market value of a company’s bonds and/or other debt securities may decline significantly.

Foreign Investing Risk - Investing in foreign companies or ETFs which invest in foreign companies, may involve more risks than investing in U.S. companies. These risks can increase the potential for losses in the Fund and may include, among others, currency devaluations, currency risks (fluctuations in currency exchange rates), country risks (political, diplomatic, regional conflicts, terrorism, war, social and economic instability and policies that have the effect of limiting or restricting foreign investment or the movement of assets), different trading practices, less government supervision, less publicly available information, limited trading markets and greater volatility. Additionally, investments in securities denominated in foreign currencies are subject to the risk that those currencies will decline in value relative to the U.S. dollar. A decline in the value of foreign currencies relative to the U.S. dollar will reduce the value of securities held by the Fund and denominated in those currencies.

Interest Rate Risk - Debt securities have varying levels of sensitivity to changes in interest rates. In general, the price of a debt security may fall when interest rates rise. Securities with longer maturities may be more sensitive to interest rate changes. Certain corporate bonds and mortgage-backed securities may be significantly affected by changes in interest rates. Some mortgage-backed securities may have a structure that makes their reaction to interest rates and other factors difficult to predict, making their value highly volatile. Because zero coupon securities do not make interest payments, they are considered more volatile than bonds making periodic payments. When interest rates rise, zero coupon securities fall more sharply than interest paying bonds. However, zero coupon securities rise more rapidly in value when interest rates drop.

Leveraging Risk - The Fund’s use of leverage through futures, options, short positions, or inverse ETFs will magnify the Fund’s gains or losses. Futures require relatively small cash investment to control large amounts of derivatives, which magnifies gains and losses to the Fund. Leveraging the Fund creates an opportunity for increased returns but, at the same time, creates special risk considerations. For example, leveraging may exaggerate changes in the net asset value of the Fund’s shares and in the yield on the Fund’s portfolio.

Liquidity Risk - The markets for high-yield, convertible and certain lightly traded equity securities (particularly small cap issues) are often not as liquid as markets for higher-rated securities or large cap equity securities. For example, relatively few market makers characterize the secondary markets for high-yield debt securities, and the trading volume for high-yield debt securities is generally lower than that for higher-rated securities. Accordingly, these secondary markets (generally or for a particular security) could contract under real or perceived adverse market or economic conditions. These factors may have an adverse effect on the Fund’s ability to dispose of particular portfolio investments and may limit the ability of the Fund to obtain accurate market quotations for purposes of valuing securities and calculating net asset value. Less liquid secondary markets also may affect the Fund’s ability to sell securities at their fair value. The Fund may invest in illiquid securities, which are more difficult to value and to sell at fair value. If the secondary markets for lightly-traded securities contract due to adverse economic conditions or for other reasons, certain liquid securities in the Fund’s portfolio may become illiquid, and the proportion of the Fund’s assets invested in illiquid securities may increase. Smaller, unseasoned companies (those with less than a three-year operating history) and recently-formed public companies may not have established products, experienced management, or an earnings history. As a result, their stocks may lack liquidity. Investments in foreign securities may lack liquidity due to heightened exposure to potentially adverse local, political, and economic developments such as war, political instability, hyperinflation, currency devaluations, and overdependence on particular industries. In addition, government interference in markets such as nationalization and exchange controls, expropriation of assets, or imposition of punitive taxes may result in a lack of liquidity. Possible problems arising from accounting, disclosure, settlement, and regulatory practices and legal rights that differ from U.S. standards might reduce liquidity. The chance that fluctuations in foreign exchange rates will decrease the investment’s value (favorable changes can increase its value) will also impact liquidity. These risks are heightened for investments in developing countries.

Long-Term Maturities/Durations Risk - Fixed income securities with longer maturities or durations may be subject to greater price fluctuations due to interest rate, tax law, and general market changes than securities with shorter maturities or durations.

Lower-Rated Securities Risk - Securities rated below investment-grade, sometimes called “high-yield” or “junk” bonds, generally have more credit risk than higher-rated securities. Companies issuing high-yield fixed-income securities are not as strong financially as those issuing securities with higher credit ratings. These companies are more likely to encounter financial difficulties and are more vulnerable to changes in the economy, such as a recession or a sustained period of rising interest rates, which could affect their ability to make interest and principal payments. If an issuer stops making interest and/or principal payments, payments on the securities may never resume. These securities may be worthless and the Fund could lose its entire investment.

Management Risk - Each Fund is subject to management risk because it is an actively managed investment portfolio. The Sub-Adviser’s judgments about the attractiveness and potential appreciation of a security, whether selected under a “value”, “growth” or other investment style, may prove to be inaccurate and may not produce the desired results. The Adviser and Sub-Adviser will apply its investment techniques and risk analyses in making investment decisions for the Funds, but there is no guarantee that its decisions will produce the intended result. The successful use of hedging and risk management techniques may be adversely affected by imperfect correlation between movements in the price of the hedging vehicles and the securities being hedged.

Portfolio Turnover Risk - The frequency of a Fund’s transactions will vary from year to year. Increased portfolio turnover may result in higher brokerage commissions, dealer mark-ups and other transaction costs and may result in taxable capital gains. Higher costs associated with increased portfolio turnover may offset gains in a Fund’s performance.

Preferred Stock Risk - Unlike interest payments on a debt security, dividend payments on preferred stock typically must be declared by the issuer’s board of directors. An issuer’s board of directors is generally not under any obligation to pay dividends (even if such dividends have accrued), and may suspend payment of dividends on preferred stock at any time. In the event an issuer of preferred stock experiences economic difficulties, the issuer’s preferred stock may lose substantial value due to the reduced likelihood that the issuer’s board of directors will declare dividends and the fact that the preferred stock may be subordinated to other securities of the same issuer. Certain additional risks associated with preferred stock could adversely affect investments a Fund, including the following: • Interest Rate Risk. Because many preferred stocks pay dividends at a fixed rate, their market price can be sensitive to changes in interest rates in a manner similar to bonds. That is, as interest rates rise, the value of the preferred stocks held by a Fund are likely to decline. • Issuer Risk. Because many preferred stocks allow holders to convert the preferred stock into common stock of the issuer, market price of a preferred stock can be sensitive to changes in the value of the issuer’s common stock. • Dividend Risk. There is a chance that the ability to pay dividends by the issuer of a preferred stock held by a Fund may deteriorate or the issuer may default (i.e., fail to make scheduled dividend payments on the preferred stock or scheduled interest payments on other obligations of the issuer not held by the Fund), which would negatively affect the value of any such holding. • Call Risk. Preferred stocks are subject to market volatility, and the prices of preferred stocks will fluctuate based on market demand. Preferred stocks often have call features that allow the issuer to redeem the security at its discretion. • Extension Risk. During periods of rising interest rates, certain obligations will be paid off substantially more slowly than originally anticipated, and the value of those securities may fall sharply, resulting in a decline to a Fund’s income and potentially in the value of a Fund’s investments.

Securities Lending Risk - Portfolio securities may be loaned to brokers, dealers and financial institutions to realize additional income under guidelines adopted by the Board of Trustees. A risk of lending portfolio securities, as with other extensions of credit, is the possible loss of rights in the collateral should the borrower fail financially. The Fund might not be able to recover the securities or their value. In determining whether to lend securities, the Adviser or its agent, will consider all relevant facts and circumstances, including the creditworthiness of the borrower.

Senior Bank Loans Risk - Senior Loans are subject to the risk that a court could subordinate a Senior Loan, which typically holds the most senior position in the issuer’s capital structure, to presently existing or future indebtedness or take other action detrimental to the holders of Senior Loans. Senior Loans are subject to the risk that the value of the collateral, if any, securing a loan may decline, be insufficient to meet the obligations of the borrower, or be difficult to liquidate. In the event of a default, a Fund may have difficulty collecting on any collateral. In addition, any collateral may be found invalid or may be used to pay other outstanding obligations of the borrower. A Fund’s access to collateral, if any, may be limited by bankruptcy, other insolvency laws, or by the type of loan the Fund has purchased. As a result, a collateralized Senior Loan may not be fully collateralized and can decline significantly in value. Transactions in many senior loans settle on a delayed basis. As a result, sale proceeds related to the sale of such loans may not be available to make additional investments or to meet a Fund’s redemption obligation until potentially a substantial period of time after the sale of the loans. No active trading market may exist for some senior loans, which may impact the ability of a Fund to realize full value in some actively traded senior loans. Senior loans also may be subject to restriction on resale, which can delay the sale and adversely impact the sale price. Difficulty in selling a loan can result in a loss. Senior loans made to finance highly leveraged corporate acquisitions may be especially vulnerable to adverse changes in economic or market conditions. The market prices of floating rate loans are generally less sensitive to interest rate changes than are the market prices for securities with fixed interest rates. Certain senior loans may not be considered “securities,” and purchasers, such as a Fund, therefore may not be entitled to rely on the strong anti-fraud protections of the federal securities laws.

Short Selling Risk - If the price of the security sold short increases between the time of the short sale and the time the Fund covers its short position, the Fund will incur a loss. Also, the Fund is required to deposit collateral in connection with such short sales and may have to pay a fee to borrow particular securities and will often be obligated to pay over any dividends and accrued interest on borrowed securities. These aspects of short selling increase the costs to the Fund and will reduce its rate of return. Additionally, the successful use of short selling may be adversely affected by imperfect correlation between movements in the price of the security sold short and the securities being hedged.

Structured Note Risk - The Fund may seek investment exposure to sectors through structured notes that may be exchange traded or may trade in the over the counter market. These notes are typically issued by banks or brokerage firms, and have interest and/or principal payments which are linked to changes in the price level of certain assets or to the price performance of certain indices. The value of a structured note will be influenced by time to maturity, level of supply and demand for this type of note, interest rate and market volatility, changes in the issuer’s credit quality rating, and economic, legal, political, or events that affect the industry. In addition, there may be a lag between a change in the value of the underlying reference asset and the value of the structured note. Structured notes may also be subject to counterparty risk. The Fund may also be exposed to increased transaction costs when it seeks to sell such notes in the secondary market.

U.S. Government Securities Risk - Obligations issued or guaranteed by the U.S. Government, its agencies, authorities and instrumentalities and backed by the full faith and credit of the United States only guarantee principal and interest will be timely paid to holders of the securities. The entities do not guarantee that the value of fund shares will increase, and in fact, the market values of such obligations may fluctuate. In addition, not all U.S. Government securities are backed by the full faith and credit of the United States; some are the obligation solely of the entity through which they are issued. There is no guarantee that the U.S. Government would provide financial support to its agencies and instrumentalities if not required to do so by law.